PHO – Introduction

An estimated 5.1 million Indians are infected with HIV/AIDS, making India second in the world to South Africa in number of HIV cases. The epidemic, which began among high-risk groups, is now spreading rapidly amongst the general population.

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The epidemic is in its early phase, and even a small percentage increase can have detrimental health and socio-economic consequences. Stemming an epidemic of this magnitude requires collaborative work among all stakeholders involved, strong institutional capacities to carry out work, and political commitment at the highest levels both for prevention and treatment.PHO aims at concerted response to HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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